Endemics

Bird Record Committee, TWBF 2023
  • Managed by BRC, Taiwan Wild Bird Federation
  • 32 Endemic Species
  • 52 Endemic Subspecies
  • Last addition: Taiwan Bullfinch, Taiwan Vivid Niltava & Taiwan Bush Robin

Taiwan Endemic Species List

32 Endemic Species
No.Common NameChinese NameFamilyScientific NameNote
1Taiwan Partridge臺灣山鷓鴣PhasianidaeArborophila crudigularis
2Taiwan Bamboo-Partridge臺灣竹雞PhasianidaeBambusicola sonorivox
3Mikado Pheasant黑長尾雉PhasianidaeSyrmaticus mikado
4Swinhoe's Pheasant藍腹鷴PhasianidaeLophura swinhoii
5Taiwan Barbet五色鳥MegalaimidaePsilopogon nuchalisFormer as a subspecies of Black-browed Barbet or Müller's Barbet (Megalaina oorti). Spilt in 2008.
6Taiwan Blue-Magpie臺灣藍鵲CorvidaeUrocissa caerulea
7Chestnut-bellied Tit赤腹山雀ParidaeSittiparus castaneoventrisFormer as a subspecies of Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius). Split in 2016.
8Taiwan Yellow Tit黃山雀ParidaeMachlolophus holstiYellow Tit
9Taiwan Bush Warbler臺灣叢樹鶯LocustellidaeLocustella alishanensisTaiwan Grasshopper-warbler
10Taiwan Cupwing臺灣鷦眉PnoepygidaePnoepyga formosanaTaiwan Wren-Babbler Former as a subspecies of Pygmy Wren-Babbler (Pnoepyga pusilla). Split in 2010.
11Styan's Bulbul烏頭翁PycnonotidaePycnonotus taivanusTaiwan Bulbul
12Taiwan Fulvetta褐頭花翼SylviidaeFulvetta formosana
13Taiwan Yuhina冠羽畫眉ZosteropidaeYuhina brunneiceps
14Taiwan Scimitar-Babbler小彎嘴TimaliidaePomatorhinus musicusFormer Streak-breasted Scimitar-Babbler (Pomatorhinus ruficollis). Split in 2010.
15Black-necklaced Scimitar-Babbler大彎嘴TimaliidaeMegapomatorhinus erythrocnemisThe nominotypical subspecies was split in 2010. Considered as Erythrogenys erythrocnemis0 by some authors.
16Morrison's Fulvetta繡眼畫眉LeiothrichidaeAlcippe morrisoniaGray-cheeked Fulvetta.The nominotypical subspecies was split in 2014.
17Taiwan Hwamei臺灣畫眉LeiothrichidaeGarrulax taewanusFormer as a subspecies of Chinese Hawmei (Garrulax canorus) Split in 2010.
18Rufous-crowned Laughingthrush臺灣白喉噪眉LeiothrichidaeIanthocincla ruficepsConsidered as Pterorhinus ruficeps by some authors
19Rusty Laughingthrush棕噪眉LeiothrichidaeIanthocincla poecilorhynchaConsidered as Pterorhinus poecilorhyncha by some authors
20White-whiskered Laughingthrush臺灣噪眉LeiothrichidaeTrochalopteron morrisonianum
21White-eared Sibia白耳畫眉LeiothrichidaeHeterophasia auricularis
22Steere's Liocichla黃胸藪眉LeiothrichidaeLiocichla steerii
23Taiwan Barwing紋翼畫眉LeiothrichidaeActinodura morrisoniana
24Flamecrest火冠戴菊鳥RegulidaeRegulus goodfellowi
25Taiwan Thrush白頭鶇TurdidaeTurdus niveicepsFormer Island (Turdus poliocephalus). Spilted in 2014.
26Taiwan Vivid Niltava黃腹琉璃MuscicapidaeNiltava vividaFormer Vivid Niltava (Niltava vivida). Splited in 2023.
27Taiwan Shortwing小翼鶇MuscicapidaeBrachypteryx goodfellowiFormer White-browed (Brachypteryx montana). Spilted in 2019.
28Taiwan Whistling-Thrush臺灣紫嘯鶇MuscicapidaeMyophonus insularis
29Collared Bush-Robin栗背林鴝MuscicapidaeTarsiger johnstoniaeJohnstone's Bush Robin
30Taiwan Bush-Robin臺灣白眉林鴝MuscicapidaeTarsiger formosanusFormer Collared Bush-Robin (Tarsiger indicus). Spilted in 2023.
31Taiwan Rosefinch臺灣朱雀FringillidaeCarpodacus formosanusFormer as a subspecies of Vinaceous Rosefinch (Carpodacus vinaceus). Spilted in 2015.
32Taiwan Bullfinch灰鷽FringillidaePyrrula owstoniFormer as a subspecies of Gray-headed Bullfinch (Pyrrula erythaca). Spilted by IOC 11.1 only in 2021.

Taiwan Endemic Subspecies List

52 Endemic Subspecies
No.Common NameChinese NameFamilyScientific NameEndemic SubspeciesDistributed Area
1Ring-necked Pheasant環頸雉PhasianidaePhasianus colchicusformosanusTaiwan
2Oriental Turtle-Dove金背鳩ColumbidaeStreptopelia orientalisoriiTaiwan
3Whistling Green-Pigeon紅頭綠鳩ColumbidaeTreron formosaeformosaeTaiwan
4Savanna Nightjar南亞夜鷹CaprimulgidaeCaprimulgus affinisstictomusTaiwan
5Silver-backed Needletail灰喉針尾雨燕ApodidaeHirundapus cochinchinensisformosanusTaiwan
6House Swift小雨燕ApodidaeApus nipalensiskuntziTaiwan
7Slaty-breasted Rail灰胸秧雞RallidaeLewinia striatataiwanaTaiwan
8Slaty-legged Crake灰腳秧雞RallidaeRallina eurizonoidesformosanaTaiwan
9Barred Buttonquail棕三趾鶉TurnicidaeTurnix suscitatorrostratusTaiwan
10Crested Serpent-Eagle大冠鷲AccipitridaeSpilornis cheelahoyaTaiwan
11Crested Goshawk鳳頭蒼鷹AccipitridaeAccipiter trivirgatusformosaeTaiwan
12Besra松雀鷹AccipitridaeAccipiter virgatusfuscipectusTaiwan
13Australasian Grass-Owl草鴞TytonidaeTyto longimembrispithecopsTaiwan
14Mountain Scops-Owl黃嘴角鴞StrigidaeOtus spilocephalushambroeckiTaiwan
15Collared Scops-Owl領角鴞StrigidaeOtus lettiaglabripesTaiwan
16Ryukyu Scops-Owl蘭嶼角鴞StrigidaeOtus elegansbotelensisLanyu
17Collared Owlet鵂鶹StrigidaeGlaucidium brodieipardalotumTaiwan
18Himalayan Owl東方灰林鴞StrigidaeStrix nivicolumyamadaeTaiwan
19White-backed Woodpecker大赤啄木PicidaeDendrocopos leucotosinsularisTaiwan
20Maroon Oriole朱鸝OriolidaeOriolus trailliiardensTaiwan
21Black Drongo大卷尾DicruridaeDicrurus macrocercushartertiTaiwan
22Bronzed Drongo小卷尾DicruridaeDicrurus aeneusbraunianusTaiwan
23Black-naped Monarch黑枕藍鶲MonarchidaeHypothymis azureaoberholseriTaiwan
24Eurasian Jay松鴉CorvidaeGarrulus glandariustaivanusTaiwan
25Gray Treepie樹鵲CorvidaeDendrocitta formosaeformosaeTaiwan
26Eurasian Nutcracker星鴉CorvidaeNucifraga caryocatactesowstoniTaiwan
27Coal Tit煤山雀ParidaePeriparus aterptilosusTaiwan
28Green-backed Tit青背山雀ParidaeParus monticolusinsperatusTaiwan
29Striated Prinia斑紋鷦鶯CisticolidaePrinia crinigerastriataTaiwan
30Plain Prinia褐頭鷦鶯CisticolidaePrinia inornataflavirostrisTaiwan
31Golden-headed Cisticola黃頭扇尾鶯CisticolidaeCisticola exilisvolitansTaiwan
32Collared Finchbill白環鸚嘴鵯PycnonotidaeSpizixos semitorquescinereicapillusTaiwan
33Light-vented Bulbul白頭翁PycnonotidaePycnonotus sinensisformosaeTaiwan
34Black Bulbul紅嘴黑鵯PycnonotidaeHypsipetes leucocephalusnigerrimusTaiwan
35Brown-eared Bulbul棕耳鵯PycnonotidaeHypsipetes amaurotishartertiTaiwan
36Brownish-flanked Bush Warbler小鶯ScotocercidaeHorornis fortipesrobustipesTaiwan
37Yellowish-bellied Bush Warbler深山鶯ScotocercidaeHorornis acanthizoidesconcolorTaiwan
38Vinous-throated Parrotbill粉紅鸚嘴SylviidaeSinosuthora webbianabulomachaTaiwan
39Golden Parrotbill黃羽鸚嘴SylviidaeSuthora verreauximorrisonianaTaiwan
40Rufous-capped Babbler山紅頭TimaliidaeCyanoderma ruficepspraecognitumTaiwan
41Dusky Fulvetta頭烏線PellorneidaeSchoeniparus brunneusbrunneusTaiwan
42Eurasian Nuthatch茶腹鳾SittidaeSitta europaeaformosanaTaiwan
43Eurasian Wren鷦鷯TroglodytidaeTroglodytes troglodytestaivanusTaiwan
44Crested Myna八哥SturnidaeAcridotheres cristatellusformosanusTaiwan
45Little Forktail小剪尾MuscicapidaeEnicurus scoulerifortisTaiwan
46White-tailed Robin白尾鴝MuscicapidaeMyiomela leucuramontiumTaiwan
47Snowy-browed Flycatcher黃胸青鶲MuscicapidaeFicedula hyperythrainnexaTaiwan
48Plumbeous Redstart鉛色水鶇MuscicapidaePhoenicurus fuliginosusaffinisTaiwan
49Plain Flowerpecker綠啄花DicaeidaeDicaeum minullumuchidaiTaiwan
50Fire-breasted Flowerpecker紅胸啄花DicaeidaeDicaeum ignipectusformosumTaiwan
51Alpine Accentor岩鷚PrunellidaePrunella collarisfennelliTaiwan
52Brown Bullfinch褐鷽FringillidaePyrrhula nipalensisuchidaiTaiwan