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A glimpse of birds of Taiwan

According to The Checklist of Birds of Taiwan published by Bird Record Committee of Chinese Wild Bird Federation, Taiwan has at least 686 species of birds (naturalized and suspected species included) has been recorded in 2017. In some unofficial checklists there will be more than 700 species.

 

How many birds does Taiwan have?--686+ species!High Avian Biodiversity in Taiwan

According to The Checklist of Birds of Taiwan published by Bird Record Committee of Chinese Wild Bird Federation, Taiwan has at least 686 species of birds (naturalized and suspected species included) has been recorded in 2017.  In some unofficial checklists there will be more than 700 species.  Next time we will update the checklist in late 2019 or early 2020.

 

 

 

List of 28 Endemic Species

No. Family Name English Common Name Scientific Name (Clement) Chinese Common Name
1 Phasianidae Taiwan Partridge Arborophila crudigularis 台灣山鷓鴣
2 Phasianidae Taiwan Bamboo-Partridge Bambusicola sonorivox 台灣竹雞
3 Phasianidae Mikado Pheasant Syrmaticus mikado 黑長尾雉
4 Phasianidae Swinhoe's Pheasant Lophura swinhoii 藍腹鷴
5 Megalaimidae Taiwan Barbet Psilopogon nuchalis 五色鳥
6 Corvidae Taiwan Blue-Magpie Urocissa caerulea 台灣藍鵲
7 Paridae Chestnut-bellied Tit, Taiwan Varied Tit Sittiparus castaneoventris 赤腹山雀
8 Paridae Yellow Tit, Taiwan Yellow Tit Machlolophus holsti 黃山雀
9 Pycnonotidae Styan's Bulbul, Taiwan Bulbul Pycnonotus taivanus 烏頭翁
10 Regulidae Flamecrest Regulus goodfellowi 火冠戴菊鳥
11 Pnoepygidae Taiwan Cupwing, Taiwan Wren Babbler Pnoepyga formosana 台灣鷦眉
12 Locustellidae Taiwan Bush-Warbler Locustella alishanensis 台灣叢樹鶯
13 Paradoxornithidae Taiwan Fulvetta Fulvetta formosana 褐頭花翼
14 Zosteropidae Taiwan Yuhina Yuhina brunneiceps 冠羽畫眉
15 Timaliidae Taiwan Scimitar-Babbler Pomatorhinus musicus 小彎嘴
16 Timaliidae Black-necklaced Scimitar-Babbler Megapomatorhinus erythrocnemis 大彎嘴
17 Leiothrichidae Morrison's Fulvetta, Gray-cheekeed Fulvetta Alcippe morrisonia 繡眼畫眉
18 Leiothrichidae Taiwan Hwamei Garrulax taewanus 台灣畫眉
19 Leiothrichidae Rufous-crowned Laughingthrush Ianthocincla ruficeps 台灣白喉噪眉
20 Leiothrichidae Rusty Laughingthrush Ianthocincla poecilorhyncha 棕噪眉
21 Leiothrichidae White-whiskered Laughingthrush Trochalopteron morrisonianum 台灣噪眉
22 Leiothrichidae White-eared Sibia Heterophasia auricularis 白耳畫眉
23 Leiothrichidae Steere's Liocichla Liocichla steerii 黃胸藪眉
24 Leiothrichidae Taiwan Barwing Actinodura morrisoniana 紋翼畫眉
25 Muscicapidae Taiwan Whistling-Thrush Myophonus insularis 台灣紫嘯鶇
26 Muscicapidae Collared Bush-Robin Tarsiger johnstoniae 栗背林鴝
27 Turdidae Taiwan Thrush, Taiwan Island Thrush Turdus niveiceps 白頭鶇
28 Fringillidae Taiwan Rosefinch Carpodacus formosanus 台灣朱雀

List of 55 Endemic Subspecies

No. Family Name English Common Name Scientific Name (Clement) Endemic Subspecies Region Chinese Common Name
1 Phasianidae Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus formosanus Taiwan 環頸雉
2 Accipitridae Crested Serpent-Eagle Spilornis cheela hoya Taiwan 大冠鷲
3 Accipitridae Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus formosae Taiwan 鳳頭蒼鷹
4 Accipitridae Besra Accipiter virgatus fuscipectus Taiwan 松雀鷹
5 Rallidae Slaty-legged Crake Rallina eurizonoides formosana Taiwan 灰腳秧雞
6 Rallidae Slaty-breasted Rail Gallirallus striatus taiwanus Taiwan 灰胸秧雞
7 Turnicidae Barred Buttonquail Turnix suscitator rostratus Taiwan 棕三趾鶉
8 Columbidae Oriental Turtle-Dove Streptopelia orientalis orii, Taiwan 金背鳩
9 Columbidae Whistling Green-Pigeon Treron formosae formosae Taiwan 紅頭綠鳩
10 Tytonidae Australasian Grass-Owl Tyto longimembris pithecops Taiwan 草鴞
11 Strigidae Mountain Scops-Owl Otus spilocephalus hambroecki Taiwan 黃嘴角鴞
12 Strigidae Collared Scops-Owl Otus lettia glabripes Taiwan 領角鴞
13 Strigidae Ryukyu Scops-Owl, Elegant Scops-Owl Otus elegans botelensis Lanyu Island 蘭嶼角鴞
14 Strigidae Collared Owlet Glaucidium brodiei pardalotum Taiwan 鵂鶹
15 Strigidae Himalayan Owl Strix nivicolum yamadae Taiwan 東方灰林鴞
16 Caprimulgidae Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis stictomus Taiwan 南亞夜鷹
17 Apodidae Silver-backed Needletail Hirundapus cochinchinensis formosanus Taiwan 灰喉針尾雨燕
18 Apodidae House Swift Apus nipalensis kuntzi Taiwan 小雨燕
19 Picidae White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos insularis Taiwan 大赤啄木
20 Oriolidae Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii ardens Taiwan 朱鸝
21 Dicruridae Black Drongo Dicrurus macrocercus harterti Taiwan 大卷尾
22 Dicruridae Bronzed Drongo Dicrurus aeneus braunianus Taiwan 小卷尾
23 Monarchidae Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea oberholseri Taiwan 黑枕藍鶲
24 Corvidae Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius taivanus Taiwan 松鴉
25 Corvidae Gray Treepie Dendrocitta formosae formosae Taiwan 樹鵲
26 Corvidae Eurasian Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes owstoni Taiwan 星鴉
27 Paridae Coal Tit Periparus ater ptilosus Taiwan 煤山雀
28 Paridae Green-backed Tit Parus monticolus insperatus Taiwan 青背山雀
29 Troglodytidae Eurasian Wren Troglodytes troglodytes taivanus Taiwan 鷦鷯
30 Pycnonotidae Collared Finchbill Spizixos semitorques cinereicapillus Taiwan 白環鸚嘴鵯
31 Pycnonotidae Light-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis formosae Taiwan 白頭翁
32 Pycnonotidae Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus nigerrimus Taiwan 紅嘴黑鵯
33 Pycnonotidae Brown-eared Bulbul Hypsipetes amaurotis harterti Lanyu Island 棕耳鵯
34 Cettiidae Brownish-flanked Bush-Warbler Horornis fortipes robustipes Taiwan 小鶯
35 Cettiidae Yellowish-bellied Bush-Warbler Horornis acanthizoides concolor Taiwan 深山鶯
36 Cisticolidae Golden-headed Cisticola Cisticola exilis volitans Taiwan 黃頭扇尾鶯
37 Cisticolidae Striated Prinia Prinia crinigera striata Taiwan 斑紋鷦鶯
38 Cisticolidae Plain Prinia Prinia inornata flavirostris Taiwan 褐頭鷦鶯
39 Paradoxornithidae Vinous-throated Parrotbill Sinosuthora webbiana bulomacha Taiwan 粉紅鸚嘴
40 Paradoxornithidae Golden Parrotbill Suthora verreauxi morrisoniana Taiwan 黃羽鸚嘴
41 Timaliidae Rufous-capped Babbler Cyanoderma ruficeps praecognitum Taiwan 山紅頭
42 Pellorneidae  Dusky Fulvetta Schoeniparus brunneus brunneus Taiwan 頭烏線
43 Muscicapidae Vivid Niltava Niltava vivida vivida Taiwan 黃腹琉璃
44 Muscicapidae White-browed Shortwing Brachypteryx montana goodfellowi Taiwan 小翼鶇
45 Muscicapidae Little Forktail Enicurus scouleri fortis Taiwan 小剪尾
46 Muscicapidae White-tailed Robin Cinclidium leucurum montium Taiwan 白尾鴝
47 Muscicapidae White-browed Bush-Robin Tarsiger indicus formosanus Taiwan 白眉林鴝
48 Muscicapidae Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra innexa Taiwan 黃胸青鶲
49 Muscicapidae Plumbeous Redstart Phoenicurus fuliginosus affinis Taiwan 鉛色水鶇
50 Sturnidae Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus formosanus Taiwan 八哥
51 Dicaeidae Plain Flowerpecker Dicaeum minullum uchidai Taiwan 綠啄花
52 Dicaeidae Fire-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum ignipectus formosum Taiwan 紅胸啄花
53 Prunellidae Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris fennelli Taiwan 岩鷚
54 Fringillidae Brown Bullfinch Pyrrhula nipalensis uchidai Taiwan 褐鷽
55 Fringillidae Gray-headed Bullfinch Pyrrhula erythaca owstoni Taiwan 灰鷽

Download the checklist (hyperlink)

 

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